The American Eskimo Dog is a beautiful snowy white, Spitz-type dog that looks like a miniature Samoyed. The breed comes in three size varieties: Standard (15 to 19 in.), Miniature (12 to 15 in.) and Toy (9 to 12 in.). The breed has a wedge-shaped head, triangular prick ears, and a heavily plumed tail carried loosely over the back. The brown eyes have white lashes. Pads of the feet are dark with white toenails. The profuse double coat is pure white or white with biscuit cream. The nose, lips, and eye rims are black. The coat is heavy around the neck, creating a ruff or mane, especially in males. The coat is surprisingly easy to care for. A once or twice weekly brushing is generally quite satisfactory.
No one knows exactly when and how the American Eskimo Dog originated. However, the American Eskimo Dog is of the Spitz family of Nordic breeds, and is possibly related to the White German Spitz, Samoyed, and White Keeshond. Evidence suggests that "White Spitz" dogs were first brought to the United States by German settlers. A couple named Hall, in 1913, was the first to register the breed with the UKC. Their kennel name was "American Eskimo," which became the name of the breed. The Barnum and Bailey Circus spread the American Eskimo throughout the United States, as the dogs were part of a popular circus dog act. One such dog, Stout’s Pal Pierre, was the first dog ever to walk a tightrope. The North American Eskimo Dog Association was formed in 1969, and the stud book was closed. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America formed in 1985 for the purpose of achieving AKC recognition, which occurred in 1995.