The Black and Tan Coonhound is a large, powerful working hound. He can cover a lot of ground with his long rhythmic strides. The length of the body from withers to rump is the same as or a bit longer than the height at the withers. The topline is fairly level. The chest should reach at least down to the elbows. The head of this dog shows his Bloodhound roots, with his large black nose, long drooping lips, and very long hanging ears. The moderate stop is located midway between the occiput and the nose. The upper plane of the skull is approximately parallel to the upper plane of the muzzle. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The rounded eyes are hazel to dark brown. The long tail is carried high, nearly straight up. The short, sleek coat is black and tan.
An American creation, the Black and Tan Coonhound was developed in the mountains of the Southeast by crossing the Bloodhound and Foxhound. He is best known as a raccoon and opossum hunter, but is also a keen hunter of bear, deer, and mountain lions. The Black and Tan Coonhound mostly hunts at night, with the hunter following his progress as he bays on the trail. The baying changes when the quarry is treed, alerting the hunter.