The Brussels Griffon is a sturdy toy dog of square proportions with a domed head, undershot jaw, very short nose, and large eyes. The Brussels Griffon's pout gives him an almost human expression. To some viewers he resembles a miniature Boxer. There are two types: Rough-Coated (harsh wiry and dense) and Smooth-Coated or Petit Brabancon variety (short, straight, glossy). The Brabancon needs less grooming. Comes in red, a mixture of red-brown and black, black and tan, and solid black. Ears may or may not be cropped. The tail is docked.
In the early 1800s, small terriers were often kept as ratters in stables in Belgium. The Brussels Griffon probably resulted from crosses between these native ratter terriers and the Pug and English Toy Spaniel. In the 1800s, the breed was popular as a cab guardian and mascot, dissuading robbers and attracting customers. In the early 1900s the Brussels Griffon became very popular, especially with the upper class. Today's Brussels Griffon is primarily a companion dog.