A large, hardy, athletic retriever with a distinctive crisp, curly coat. The thick, black, or liver-colored coat of tight curls protects the dog from brambles and icy water. Even the small ears, back of the head, neck, and tapering tail are covered with little curls. Only the face, hocks, and front of the legs are smooth. The ideal Curly should be agile and graceful, strong, yet elegant. The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers. The back is strong and level. The head is wedge-shaped, longer than it is wide. The foreface and skull are approximately the same length, with their toplines forming parallel planes when viewed from the side. The muzzle tapers to a well-developed dark nose (black for black dogs, brown or amber for liver-colored dogs). The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The smallish ears are pendant. The eyes are either black or brown. The tail reaches approximately to the hock and is carried straight. History:
The Curly-Coated Retriever is considered to be one of the oldest retriever breeds. Developed in England, the breed probably resulted from crosses with the close-curled English Water dog, the old Water Spaniel, and the St. John's Newfoundland dog. The Curly is a fine water retriever with a gentle mouth, particularly ideal for duck and quail. He is an excellent hunting companion and gun dog, and his gentle temperament also makes him an outstanding family companion. The Curly-Coated Retriever is quite popular in Australia and New Zealand, but is not well-known in the United States, though the breed is recognized by the AKC.