English Toy Spaniel
(AKC Toy Group)
English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel is a small, sturdy, square spaniel with a pug nose, well-defined stop, and rounded skull. The teeth should form a slightly undershot bite. The round eyes are large, dark, and luminous. The nose is black. The long feathered ears are pendant. The soft, silky coat is well feathered and comes in four color varieties: King Charles (black and tan), Ruby (solid red, sometimes with a few white hairs or small white patch on the chest), Blenheim (white with red markings, often with a red "thumb print" centered on top of the head), and Prince Charles (tricolor: white with black and tan markings). The tail is customarily docked.


The English Toy Spaniel's origins probably trace back to Asian spaniels and perhaps the Pug; however, the breed was primarily developed in the British Isles. This loving companion dog became a darling of the British royalty, including Mary, Queen of Scots. One type of English Toy Spaniel, the King Charles Spaniel, is named for King Charles II of England, who owned quite a few of these charming little "comforter" dogs. During the nineteenth century, the English Toy Spaniel underwent several changes. He was bred smaller, with a flattened, upturned face, protruding eyes, and a more rounded skull. The result is today's English Toy Spaniel. The somewhat similar Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is based on the pre-nineteenth-century Toy Spaniel.

Key Facts:



Sweet but sometimes timid. Happy. Loving, gentle, and playful. Quiet and not demanding. Naturally well-behaved and intelligent, but can be a bit willful. Needs to be treated gently.