A medium-sized herding dog, the Entlebucher is compact, strongly muscled, and very agile. The head should be wedge-shaped with an alert, friendly expression. The brown, almond-shaped eyes should have black rims. The ears are triangular, but rounded at the tips. The muzzle should be strong and well chiseled. The neck merges smoothly into the topline and is of medium length. The chest should be broad and deep, and the back should be straight and firm. The tail can be docked, natural, or a genetic bobtail. When the dog is in motion, the tail can be elevated but it should never curl over the back. The coat is double, with a short, close-fitting, shiny top coat and a dense undercoat. These dogs need to be tricolor, with black as the primary color. Markings are as follows: tan above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the muzzle, on either side of the chest, under the tail, and on the legs; and white as a small blaze on the head, along the chin to the chest, on all four feet, and at the tip of the tail (if it is natural). History:
Like the three other Swiss Mountain Dogs (the Appenzeller, the Bernese Mountain Dog, and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog), the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is descended from Molussus (or Mastiff) type dogs. The Romans brought the Entlebucher through what is now Switzerland 2,000 years ago. The Entlebucher (pronounced Ent-lee-boo-ker) is the smallest of these four breeds and was used primarily to herd and guard dairy cows among the mountain pastures of the Alps, although their intelligence and speed also make them well suited to herding horses and hogs. (The larger breeds guarded the flocks and pulled carts filled with milk and cheese.) The first standard for the breed was created in 1927 in Switzerland. Despite being an excellent working and family dog, the breed remains quite rare. They were accepted into the AKC Miscellaneous Class in January 2009 and will eventually be part of the AKC Herding Group.