The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a large, strong, muscular draft dog. The body is slightly longer than it is tall. The front legs are straight and strong with rounded, compact feet. The chest is broad and deep, and the breastbone extends slightly ahead of the legs. The head is large with a broad, flat skull and slight stop. The skull should be the same length as the muzzle. The muzzle is blunt, and the nose is black. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The eyes are dark brown (blue eyes are a disqualification) with a gentle, but lively expression. The eye rims are black. The pendant, medium-sized ears are triangular. The long tail reaches to the hocks. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has a beautiful tricolor double coat (black with rich rust and white markings). Rust markings include a spot over each eye, rust on the cheeks, and on either side of the chest. Symmetrical markings are preferred. The tip of the tail, a blaze on the muzzle, and a large marking on the chest are white. A white collar or patches on the neck are permitted. Any base color other than black is a disqualification. The outer coat is about 1 to 1-3/4 in. long, lined with a dense undercoat. History:
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog comes from the farms and villages of the Swiss Alps. He is the largest (and probably the oldest) of the four Sennenhund breeds (including the Appenzell Cattle Dog, Entlebuch Cattle Dog, and the Bernese Mountain Dog). The Sennenhund breeds are thought to be descendants of Roman Mastiffs, brought to the area more than 2,000 years ago. The four breeds are different sizes, but share the same markings. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog's natural drafting ability led to his nickname, "the poor man's horse." This breed may have contributed to the development of the St. Bernard; then, when the St. Bernard became popular, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog lost favor and almost became extinct. An authority on the Sennenhund breeds, Dr. Albert Heim rediscovered the breed in 1908 while he was judging a dog show. He publicized the breed and encouraged people to begin breeding programs. Response was enthusiastic and the breed was re-established. The first Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs were imported to the United States in 1967. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is still fairly rare, even in Switzerland; however, the breed is now fully recognized by the AKC.