The Wire Fox Terrier has a flat, tapering, narrow skull, and ears that fold forward above the skull level, making V-shaped flaps. The small, deep-set round eyes should be keen and fiery in expression. The tail is normally docked to three-quarters its length and stands on top of the dog rather than hanging out behind. Feet are round and compact. The body is square-proportioned and short-backed. The coat is predominately white, with spots of black and ginger; the twisting hairs are wiry in texture. The dog’s overall impression should be one of speed, power, and endurance. History:
The Fox Terrier is one of the very oldest terrier breeds. Like other terriers, the Fox Terrier was developed as a hunter, in this case of fox (and rats) in England in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The dog’s job wasn’t actually to attack the fox, however. Instead, its goal was to "bolt" a fox from its den or hiding place by barking and lunging at it until it finally fled. As such, this breed had to be small enough to get into a fox hole, but long-legged enough to keep up with fox hounds.
Though their ancestry may originally have been quite different, the Smooth and Wire Fox Terriers were interbred for many years and were long considered to be varieties of a single breed. By the early 1900s this crossing of the Wire and Smooth Fox Terriers stopped, and the two eventually became officially recognized as separate breeds.
Today the Wire Fox Terrier is primarily a companion dog, and one whose playfulness, spunkiness, quickness, and scrappiness are deeply admired by its devotees.