The Australian Terrier is a sturdy little dog with a long head, erect ears, and sparkling dark eyes. The black nose has an inverted V-shaped space free of hair extending from the nose up the bridge of the muzzle. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The body is slightly longer than tall, with a level topline. The chest is strong, moderately wide, and deep. The tail is docked and stands up. The rough-textured, weatherproof coat is about 2-1/2 in. long and comes in solid red, sandy, or dark or silvery blue with tan markings on the head and legs. The breed sports a topknot between the ears, and an apron and ruff that are lighter colored and finer-textured than the rest of the coat. Dewclaws are generally removed when the puppy is a few days old. The feet are small and catlike.
One of the smallest working terriers, the Australian Terrier was first shown as the Australian Rough-Coated Terrier in 1868 in Melbourne, Australia. The breed was probably created by crossing many terrier breeds including the Cairn, Dandie Dinmont, Irish, Yorkshire, and Skye terriers. He was used for rodent and snake control, as a watchdog, and as a companion. The Australian Terrier is relatively new to the United States, and was first recognized by the AKC in 1960.