Chow Chow
(AKC Non-Sporting Group)
Chow Chow

The Chow Chow is a stocky, broad-headed, powerful dog. It has a square build, and short, compact body. There are two coat types, the more popular rough and the less common smooth coated. The rough coat is thick and stands out from the body; its heavy mane makes the dog look lion-like. The head is large and broad, with a wide muzzle and scowling expression. The eyes are deep set, wide apart, dark, and almond-shaped, and of medium size. The small triangular ears are erect. The bushy tail curls over the back in the manner typical of Spitz breeds. The tongue and mouth are a distinctive blackish color. The coarse double coat comes in five solid colors: red, cream, black, blue, and cinnamon.


The Chow Chow's structure is very similar to that of the oldest known fossilized dog remains, dated to several million years ago. The Chow Chow has been known for thousands of years in China, where the breed was put to work as a hunter, cart puller, and boat guard. One emperor is said to have kept 2,500 Chow pairs! Over history, the Chow Chow has been used to hunt wolves, sable, and pheasant, and to pull sleds. His fur was used to trim coats. The flesh of these dogs was considered a delicacy in China (dog is still eaten in China today). This beautiful dog was first brought to England by merchants in the late 1800s. The name probably originated from the pidgin English word "chow-chow," a term used to describe all sorts of miscellaneous stuff brought back from the Far East. The Chow has become very popular in the United States as a companion dog.

Key Facts:



Usually well-mannered, but can be willful and protective. Bossy. Serious and very independent. Often a one-person dog, very loyal to his family, though he may act reserved even with them. If strangers push themselves on this dog, he may become aggressive. This very dominant breed requires dominant owners.