Golden Retriever
(AKC Sporting Group)
Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a beautiful, sturdy, athletic dog with a feathered, medium-length cream to deep golden colored coat. It is slightly longer than tall. The outer coat is water-repellent, and the undercoat is dense. The head is broad and rather rounded, with a well-defined stop and tapering, but wide muzzle. The nose is black, and the kindly eyes are brown with dark rims. The ears are rather short and pendant. The tail is thick, carried near the horizontal. Feet are round.


The Golden Retriever was first developed in the British Isles, probably from crosses between a yellow Flat-Coat Retriever, light-coated Tweed Water Spaniels, other spaniels, setters, and even the Newfoundland. In fact, the breed was first shown as a golden Flat-Coat. It was recognized as a separate breed in England in 1912, and in America in 1927. It gained popularity as a hunting dog, and gradually became one of the world's foremost family companion dogs. Many of the top obedience competition dogs in the country are Golden Retrievers. The Golden is also a fine bird dog on both land and in the water. He has an excellent nose and has been used not only for hunting and tracking, but also for narcotics detection. Because of his great desire to please and capacity for love and learning, the Golden Retriever is also used as a guide for the blind, as a therapy dog, and as a service dog for the disabled.

Key Facts:



Gentle, stable family dog. Loyal and confident. Sweet and eager to please. Active. Loving and lovable. Excels in obedience competition. Outstanding family dog. Patient and kind even with very small children. Friendly with everyone. Golden Retrievers enjoy pleasing their masters, so obedience training can be fun. Can be overexuberant and distractible. Needs people a lot. If isolated from human contact, or left alone for long periods of time, the Golden Retriever may become mischievous.