Miniature Pinscher
(AKC Toy Group)
Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small, compact, muscular, sleek dog with square proportions and well-chiseled lines. The topline is either level or sloping slightly toward the rear. The front legs are straight with dewclaws removed. The feet are small and cat-like. The muzzle is strong and in good proportion to the rest of the dog. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The dark, bright eyes are oval. Cropping the ears is optional; the tail is always docked. The Miniature Pinscher's short easy-care coat usually comes in red, but may also be black and tan, or chocolate. This dog has an unusual high-stepping gait.


The Miniature Pinscher was developed in Germany from terrier breeds, including the German Pinscher. ("Pinscher" means "terrier" in German.) Italian Greyhound blood may have been added to produce such a tiny high-stepping dog. The Miniature Pinscher is not related to the Doberman Pinscher, and, in fact, is an older breed than the Doberman. The original use of the "Min-Pin" was hunting rats, but his high spirit and bright personality make him a charming companion.

Key Facts:



A hardy fellow, very demanding, headstrong, and intelligent. Proud, spirited, and alert, with high energy. Lively and brave. A big dog in a little dog's body. Don't spoil this breed too much or the dog may become a tyrant. The Miniature Pinscher is often called "King of the Toys."