The Pumi today is a medium-sized dog with a curly coat and a lively, intelligent expression. The eyes are dark brown and oval. The semi-erect ears (with tips pointing somewhat to the side) are covered with the dog's trademark curly hair, which adds to his whimsical look. The nose leather is always black. The body is compact, lean, and hard, and the back is short and straight. The tail arches over the back, creating a full circle from base to tip, although when the dog is relaxed, the tail may hang down. The legs are long and straight, with small, compact cat feet.
The Pumi's coat has corkscrews and curls that stand out between 1-1/2 and 3 in. all over the body. The curls are formed from a combination of harsh and soft fibers that create waterproof curls. The coat comes in a wide variety of colors, including black, white, gray, pale cream, and red. Some shading is desirable and a mixture of gray, black, or white hairs is accepted as long as the coat looks like it's one color over all.
The Pumi's gait is "light and spirited," according to the AKC breed standard. History:
Like the Puli, the Pumi's early history begins in Western Hungary, where French or German terrier-type dogs were mixed with the Puli in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The resulting dogs were small, with a weatherproof curly coat, semi-erect ears and an adorably whimsical expression. But don't let the cuteness fool you. These dogs were renowned for their quick minds, strong work ethic, and remarkable ability to gather, drive, and control cattle, sheep, and pigs.
Used as drovers’ and shepherds’ assistants, the Pumi was officially segregated from the Puli in 1935, when its breed standard was defined. The first Pumik (the plural of Pumi) were imported into America in the 1980s, but the majority came after 1998. The AKC accepted the Pumi into its Foundation Stock Service program in 2001.